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2013 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试

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时间:2014-03-08

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英语(北京卷)
第二部分:知识运用(共两节,45 分)
第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,共 15 分)
21. Volunteering gives you a chance ____lives, including your own.
A. change         B. changing      C. changed       D. to change
22. Don’t turn off the computer before closing all programs _____ you could have problems
A. or          B. and       C. but       D. so
23. Shakespeare’s play Hamlet _____ into at least ten different films over the past years.
A. had been made             B. was made
C. has been made    D. would be made
24. _____ the course very difficult, she decided to move to a lower level.
A. Find      B. Finding         C. To find D. Found
25. --- Do you think Mom and Dad _____ late?
--- No, Swiss Air is usually on time.
A. were    B. will be  C. would be      D. have been
26. I have an appointment _____Dr. Smith, but I need to change it.
A. to          B. off         C. with     D. from
27. Many countries are now setting up national parks ______ animals and plants can be protected. A. when   B. which   C. whose          D. where
28. Hurry up! Mark and Carl _____ us.
A. expect B. are expecting       C. have expected     D. will expect
29. When we saw the road ____with snow, we decided to spend the holiday at home.
A. block    B. to block                  C. blocking        D. blocked
30. I took my driving license with me on holiday, _____I wanted to hire a car.
A. in case         B. even if C. ever since  D. if only
31. _____makes the book so extraordinary is the creative imagination of the writer.
 A. That            B. What   C. Who     D. Which
32. --- So what is the procedure?
--- All the applicants _____ before a final decision is made by the authority.
A. interview               B. are interviewing
C. are interviewed   D. are being interviewed
33. Experts believe  _____ people can waste less food by shopping only when it is necessary.
 A. why    B. where  C. that      D. what
34. If we _____ a table earlier, we couldn’t be standing here in a queue.
A. have booked         B. booked         C. book     D. had booked
35. --- You needn’t take an umbrella. It isn’t going to rain.
--- Well, I don’t know. It _____ do.
A. might   B. need    C. would  D. should
第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 30 分)
阅读下面短文, 掌握其大意,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上讲该项 涂黑。
A Leap(跳跃)to Honor
Leaping on a narrow balance beam(平衡木) is not easy. But Lola Walter, a 13-year-old gymnast, is an expert at it.
To perfect her skills, Lola    36    for four hours a day, five days a week. At the state championships in March, she finished seventh out of 16 girls.
That’s especially impressive.    37     she is legally blind, born with a rare condition that causes her eyes to shift constantly. She often sees double and can’t _38       how far away things are.
When she was little, her mom     39          that even though she couldn’t see        40    , she was fearless. So her mom signed her up for gymnastics when she was three. She loved the     41     right away and gymnastics became her favorite.
Though learning gymnastics has been more    42    for her than for some of her tournaments, she has never quit. She doesn’t let her _43       stop her from doing anything that she wants to.
She likes the determination it takes to do the sport. Her biggest        44_ is the balance beam. Because she has double vision, she often sees to beams. She must use her sense of touch to help her during her routine. Sometimes she even closes her eyes. “You have to   45_ your mind that it’ll take you where you want to go.” says Lola.
To be a top-level gymnast, one must be brave. The beam is probably the most     46     for anyone because it’s four inches wide. At the state competition, Lola didn’t fall    47    the beam. In fact, she got an 8.1 out of 10---- her highest score yet.
Lola doesn’t want to be  48     differently from the other girls on her team. At the competitions, the judges don’t know about her vision _49          _. She doesn’t tell them, because she doesn’t think they need to know. Her mom is amazed by her _50    attitude.
Lola never thinks about     51__. She is presently at level 7 while the highest is level 10 in gymnastics. Her
    52   is to reach level 9. She says she wants to be a gymnastics coach to pass down what she’s learned to other kids     53     she grew up.
Lola is     54   of all her hard work and success. She says it’s helped her overcome problems in her life outside gymnastics, too. Her     55    for others is “just believe yourself”.
36. A. runs        B. teaches        C. trains   D. dances
37. A. since      B. unless  C. after    D. though
38. A. tell B. guess   C. assume        D. predict
39. A. suspected      B remembered         C. imagined      D. noticed
40. A. deeply    B. well      C. ahead  D. closely
41. A. task        B. sport    C. event   D. show
42. A. boring    B. enjoyable     C. different       D. unsatisfactory
43. A. talent     B. quality C. nature D. condition
44. A. doubt     B. advantage   C. challenge     D. program
45. A. examine         B. express        C. open    D. trust
46. A. fearful    B. harmful        C. unfair   D. inconvenient
47. A. to   B. on         C. off         D. against
48. A. greeted B. treated         C. served D. paid
49. A. pains      B. stresses       C. injuries         D. problems
50. A. positive B. friendly         C. flexible          D. caution
51. A. defending       B. quitting        C. winning        D. bargaining
52. A. standard        B. range   C. view     D. goal
53. A. until        B. as         C. when   D. before
54. A. proud     B. tired     C. ashamed      D. confident
55. A. plan        B. advice  C. reward         D. responsibility
第三部分:阅读理解 (共两节,20 分)
第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,共 30 分)
阅读下列短文:从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,将正确的选项涂在答题卡上。
A
EP Portable Heater
We all know that the cost of heating our homes will continue to be a significant burden on the family budget. Now millions of people are saving on their heating bills with the EP Portable Heater. With over one million satisfied customers around the world, the new EP heats better and faster, saves more on heating bills, and runs almost silent.
The EP has no exposed heating parts that can cause a fire. The outside of EP only gets warm to the touch so that it will not burn children or pets.
The EP will not reduce oxygen in the room. With other heaters, you’ll notice that you get sleepy when the heat comes on because they are burning up oxygen.
The advanced EP also heats the room evenly, wall to wall and floor to ceiling. it comfortably covers an area up to 350 square feet. Other heaters heat rooms unevenly with most of the heat concentrated to the center of the room. And they only heat an area a few feet around the heater. With the EP, the temperature will not vary in any part of the room.
The EP comes with a 3-year warranty(保修) and a 60-day. no questions asked. Satisfaction guarantee. If you are not totally satisfied, return it to our expertise and your money will be given back to you.
Now, we have a special offer for 10 days, during which you can enjoy a half price discount and a free delivery. if you order that, we reserve the right to either accept or reject order requests at the discounted price.
Take action right now!
56. What is mainly discussed in paragraph 2?
A. the heat of the EP        B. the safety of the EP
C. the appearance of the EP    D. the material of the EP
57. From the passage, we can learn that the EP   .
A. doesn’t burn up oxygen       B. runs without any noise
C. makes people get sleepy     D. is unsuitable for children and pets
58. The underlined word “evenly” in paragraph 4 probably means_____.
A. continuously         B. separately
C. quickly   D. equally
59. The main purpose of the passage is to______ .
 A. persuade people to buy the product
B. advise people to save on heating bills
C. report the new development of portable heaters
D. compare the difference of different heart brands
B
高考资源网(ks5u.com),中国最大的高考网站,您身边的高考专家。
 
 
 
 
TaIL Spin
Two dolphins race around in a big pool in the Ocean Park. The smaller dolphin Grace, shown off a few of her tricks, turning around and waving hello to the crowd. The most amazing thing about her, however, is that she’s even swimming at all. She doesn’t have a tail.
Grace lost her tail as a baby when she got caught up in a fish trap.
When the dolphin arrived at the Ocean Park in December 2005, she was fighting for her life. “Is she going to make it?” Her trainer, Abbey Stone, feared the worst. Grace did make it --- but her tail didn’t. She ended up losing her flukes and the lower part of her peduncle.
Over the past six years, she has learned to swim without her tail. Dolphins swim by moving their flukes and peduncle up and down. Grace taught herself to move another way---like a fish! She pushed herself forward through the water by moving her peduncles from side to side.
The movement put harmful pressure on Grace’s backbone. So a company offered to create a man-made tail for her. The tail had to be strong enough to stay on Grace as she swam but soft enough that it wouldn’t hurt her.
The first time Grace wore the artificial tail. She soon shook it off and let it sink in the bottom of the pool. Now, she is still learning to use the tail. Some days she wears it for an hour at a time, others not at all. “The tail isn’t necessary for her to feel comfortable,” says Stone, “but it helps to keep that range of motion(动作) and build muscles(肌肉).”
Now, the dolphin is about to get an even happier ending. This month, Grace will star in Dolphin Tale, a film that focus on her rescue and recovery. Her progress has inspired more than just a new movie. Many people travel from near and far to meet her. Seeing Grace swim with her man-made tail gives people so much courage.
60. When Grace first arrived at the Ocean Park, her trainer worried about her          .
A. physical build       B. potential ability
C. chance of survival        D. adaptation to the surroundings.
61. A man-made tail is created for Grace to         _.
A. let her recover faster  B. make her comfortable
C. adjust her way of swimming        D. help her perform better tricks
62. The story of Grace inspires people to_    .
A. stick to their dreams   B. treat animals friendly
C. treasure what they have     D. face difficulties bravely
 
C
Does Fame Drive You Crazy?
Although being famous might sound like a dream come true, today’s star, feeling like zoo animals, face pressures that few of us can imagine. They are at the center of much of the world’s attention. Paparazzi (狗仔队) camp outside their homes, cameras ready. Tabloids (小报) publish thrilling stories about their personal lives. Just
imagine not being able to do anything without being photographed or interrupted for a signature.
According to psychologist Christina Villareal, celebrities — famous people — worry constantly about their public appearance. Eventually, they start to lose track of who they really are, seeing themselves the way their fans imagine them, not as the people they were before everyone knew their names. “Over time,” Villareal says, “they feel separated and alone.”
The phenomenon of tracking celebrities has been around for ages. In the 4th century B.C., painters followed
Alexander the Great into battle, hoping to picture his victories for his admirers. When Charles Dickens visited
America in the 19th century, his sold-out readings attracted thousands of fans, leading him to complain (抱怨)
about his lack of privacy. Tabloids of the 1920s and 1930s ran articles about film-stars in much the same way that modern tabloids and websites do.
Being a public figure today, however, is a lot more difficult than it used to be. Superstars cannot move about without worrying about photographers with modern cameras. When they say something silly or do something
ridiculous, there is always the Internet to spread the news in minutes and keep their “story” alive forever.
 
If fame is so troublesome, why aren’t all celebrities running away from it? The answer is there are still ways to deal with it. Some stars stay calm by surrounding themselves with trusted friends and family or by escaping to remote places away from big cities. They focus not on how famous they are but on what they love to do or whatever made them famous in the first place.
Sometimes a few celebrities can get a little justice. Still, even stars who enjoy full justice often complain about how hard their lives are. They are tired of being famous already.
63. It can be learned from the passage that stars today     .
A. are often misunderstood by the public
B. can no longer have their privacy protected
C. spend too much on their public appearance
D. care little about how they have come into fame
64. What is the main idea of Paragraph 3?
A. Great heroes of the past were generally admired.
B. The problem faced by celebrities has a long history. C. Well-known actors are usually targets of tabloids.
D. Works of popular writers often have a lot of readers.
65. What makes it much harder to be a celebrity today?
A. Availability of modern media. B. Inadequate social recognition. C. Lack of favorable chances.
D. Huge population of fans.
66. What is the author’s attitude toward modern celebrity?
A. Sincere.        B. Sceptical.     C. Disapproving.      D. Sympathetic.
 
D
Multitasking
People who multitask all the time may be the worst at doing two things at once, a new research suggests. The findings, based on performances and self-evaluation by about 275 college students, indicate that many
people multitask not out of a desire to increase productivity, but because they are easily distracted (分心) and
can’t focus on one activity. And “those people turn out to be the worst at handling different things,” said David
Sanbonmatsu, a psychologist at the University of Utah.
Sanbonmatsu and his colleagues gave the students a set of tests and asked them to report how often they multitasked, how good they thought they were at it, and how sensation-seeking (寻求刺激) or imperative (冲动)
they were. They then evaluated the participants’ multitasking ability with a tricky mental task that required the students to do simple mathematical calculations while remembering a set of letters.
Not surprisingly, the scientists said, most people thought they were better than average at multitasking, and those who thought they were better at it were more likely to report using a cellphone while driving or viewing multiple kinds of media at once. But those who frequently deal with many things at the same time were found to perform the worst at the actual multitasking test. They also were more likely to admit to sensation-seeking and impulsive behavior, which connects with how easily people get bored and distracted.
“People multitask not because it’s going to lead to greater productivity, but because they’re distractible, and they get sucked into things that are not as important.” Sanbonmatsu said.
Adam Gazzaley, a researcher at the University of California, San Francisco, who was not a member of the research group, said one limitation of the study was that it couldn’t find out whether people who start out less focused  toward multitasking or whether people’s recognizing and understanding abilities change as a result of multitasking.
The findings do suggest, however, why the sensation-seeker who multitask the most may enjoy risky distracted driving. “People who are multitasking are generally less sensitive to risky situations.” said Paul Atchley, another researcher not in the group. “This may partly explain why people go in for these situations even though they’re dangerous.”
67. The research led by Sanbonmatsu indicates that people who multitask        .
A. seek high productivity constantly
B. prefer handling different things when getting bored
C. are more focused when doing many things at a time
D. have the poorest results in doing various things at the same time
68. When Sanbonmatsu and his colleagues conducted their research, they        .
A. assessed the multitasking ability of the students
B. evaluated the academic achievements of the students
C. analyzed the effects of the participants’ tricky mental tasks
D. measured the changes of the students’ understanding ability
69. According to Sanbonmatsu, people multitask because of their      _.
A. limited power in calculation
B. interests in doing things differently C. inability to concentrate on one task D. impulsive desire to try new things
70. From the last paragraph, we can learn that multitaskers usually           .
A. drive very skillfully
B. go in for different tasks
C. fail to react quickly to potential dangers
D. refuse to explain the reasons for their behavior
 
 
第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分。共 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出正确的填入空白处。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Urbanization
Until relatively recently, the vast majority of human beings lived and died without ever seeing a city. The first city was probably founded no more than 5,500 years ago.       71_    . In fact, nearly everyone lived on farms or in
tiny rural (乡村的) villages. It was not until the 20th century that Great Britain became the first urban society in
history--- a society in which the majority of people live in cities and do not farm for a living.
Britain was only the beginning.     72_    .The process of urbanization--- the migration (迁移) of people from the countryside to the city--- was the result of modernization, which has rapidly transformed how people live and
where they live.
In 1990, fewer than 40% of Americans lived in urban areas. Today, over 82% of Americans live in cities. Only about 2% live on farms.           73   .
Large cities were impossible until agriculture became industrialized. Even in advanced agricultural societies. It took about ninety-five people on farms to feed five people in cities.    _74 . Until modern times, those living in
cities were mainly the ruling elite(精英) and the servants, laborers and professionals who served them. Cities
survived by taxing farmers and were limited in size by the amount of surplus food that the rural population produced and by the ability to move this surplus from farm to city.
 
 
Over the past two centuries, the Industrial Revolution has broken this balance between the city and the country.          75_    . Today, instead of needing ninety-five farmers to feed five city people, one American farmer is able to feed more than a hundred non-farmers.
 
 
A. That kept cities very small.
B. The rest live in small towns.
C. The effects of urban living on people should be considered.
D. Soon many other industrial nations become urban societies.
E. But even 200 years ago, only a few people could live in cities.
F. Modernization drew people to the cities and made farmers more productive.
G. Modern cities have destroyed social relations and the health of human beings.
 
 
 
第四部分:书面表达(共两节,15 分) 第一节 情景作文(20 分)
假设你是红星中学高三(1)班的学生李华,请按照以下四幅图的先后顺序,用英文写一篇周记。记述爸爸出 差期间,妈妈生病,你照顾她的过程。
注意:     1. 周记的开头已经为你写好。
2. 词数不少于 60.
 

 
 
Last Monday,
 
 
 
第二节 开放作文(15 分) 请根据下面提示。写一篇作文。词数不少于 50.
You are discussing the following picture with your English friend Jim. Now you are telling him how you understand the picture and what makes you think so.

 
 
 
 
 
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